Hurricane Jimena Recap

Hurricane Jimena Recap

Jimena tracked west from the eastern Pacific into the central Pacific Aug. 26-Sept. 9, 2015.

  • Jimena peaked as a Category 4 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 150 mph on Aug. 29, 2015.
  • At one point Aug. 29-Aug. 30, 2015, Jimena was one of three Category 4 equivalent hurricanes in the Pacific, joined by Kilo and Ignacio.
  • Jimena passed north of Hawaii as a weakening system, but did bring high surf to the islands like several other tropical cyclones that have preceded it this season.
  • The system was expected to enhance moisture in Hawaii Sept. 10-12, increasing the threat of heavy rainfall and flooding.


CABO SAN LUCAS, Mexico -- Emergency workers built shelters for thousands of endangered families as a strengthening Hurricane Jimena roared toward Mexico's resort-studded Baja California peninsula Monday.

Jimena, a dangerous Category 4 storm, could rake southern Baja California by Tuesday evening, forecasters said.

At least 10,000 families will be evacuated from potential flood zones, said Francisco Cota, the local director of Civil Protection. He said 60 shelters would be set up.

"I think it's going to be a substantial hurricane by the time it approaches," said Richard Pasch of the National Hurricane Center in Miami.

Delegates from around the world had already begun to arrive for a conference sponsored by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development on Tuesday and Wednesday at Cabo Los Cabos at the southern tip of the peninsula.

Nicholas Bray, the head of media for the Paris-based organization, said Monday there are no plans to postpone or cancel the meeting due to the hurricane Jimena.

Brenda Munoz, who lost her home to a 2001 hurricane, was taking no chances and stocking up on food this time.

"I remember when Hurricane Juliette hit with a lot of intensity. It flattened our home, lots of flooding, lots of disaster," Munoz said in Cabo San Lucas. "We're already prepared with food and everything so it won't catch us off guard."

But with the weather still mild on Sunday, Jim Patterson, a tourist from Big Bear Lake, California, could not muster much concern.

"Are you saying it would be a good idea to stock up on tequila?" he joked at a seaside restaurant. "No fear. I've been through tornados and earthquakes and everything else, but never a hurricane."

Farther south, Hurricane Jimena kicked up surf along Mexico's mainland western coast and generated strong winds that bent and uprooted trees in the resort town of Zihuatanejo.

Early Monday, Hurricane Jimena had maximum sustained winds near 145 mph (230 kph) and was moving northwest near 8 mph (13 kph).

It was centered about 370 miles (595 kilometers) south-southeast of Cabo San Lucas.

Authorities in Cabo Corrientes were setting up shelters in case of heavier winds and rain, said Arturo Garcia, an official with Jalisco's Civil Protection agency.

The U.S. hurricane center issued a public advisory for residents in western Mexico and the southern part of the Baja peninsula to keep tabs on Hurricane Jimena.

Farther out in the Pacific, a weakening Tropical Storm Kevin had top winds of 40 mph (65 kph) and was centered 895 miles (1,435 kilometers) west-southwest of the Baja peninsula's southern tip.


Hurricane Jimena pounded the middle of Mexico's Baja California Peninsula on Wednesday after lashing the Los Cabos resort region with driving rains and thundering surf.

Winds from the once-mighty storm had weakened to near 105 mph (165 kph) by early Wednesday and the U.S. National Hurricane Center in Miami said it was expected to weaken further as it runs up the peninsula. Hurricane Jimena -force winds were already hitting land.

Despite a pummeling by the fringes of the then-Category 3 hurricane, the Mexican peninsula's biggest resort, Los Cabos, appeared escape major damage beyond power outages, mud-choked roads and downed signs.

Dozens of people evacuated from the Los Cangrejos shantytown huddled in a darkened school after electricity failed during the storm. Trying to calm squalling babies and ignore hunger from food shortages, the evacuees waited for dawn, and a chance to look at what the hurricane did to their homes of plastic sheeting, wood and tar paper.

"Instead of giving out a few sheets of roofing every year, they should give us materials to build real houses -- wood, or even bricks," said Paulino Hernandez, an out-of-work mason who sought haven at the school. "Every year it's the same thing: They (officials) give out a few sheets of roofing, and the next year it has to be replaced" when a hurricane comes.

Authorities reported no injuries in Los Cabos, but expressed concern about what might happen when the Hurricane Jimena hits land farther up the coast.

"It could be ugly at Bahia Magdalena," state Interior Secretary Luis Armanado Diaz said, referring to a sparsely populated bay with a smattering of fishing villages to the north.

Hurricane Jimena Guide Note

Hurricane Jimena Guide Note

Hurricane Jimena formed in the Pacific Ocean southwest of Acapulco, Mexico on Saturday, August 29, 2009. The U.S. National Hurricane Center upgraded the hurricane category four by Sunday, August 30, 2009, as the storm was edging closer to Mexico and Baja California.1

At 2:00 p.m. PST on August 31, 2009, Hurricane Jimena had reached wind speeds of 155 mph as it moved northwest at 10mph. The storm was nearing category five classification as it was set to impact Mexico on Tuesday, September 1, 2009.2
Fast Facts
  • Hurricane Jimena was the 10th named hurricane of the 2009 hurricane season
  • Formed off of the southern Pacific of Mexico on August 29, 2009
  • Was a category one hurricane on Saturday, August 29, 2009
  • On August 29, 2009, Hurricane Jimena was increasing in strength 3
  • Upgraded to a category four storm on August 30, 2009 1
  • Nearing category five classification on August 31, 2009 2
  • Set to hit Mexico on September 1, 2009 2


Hurricane Jimena Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)

Duration September 20 – October 2
Intensity 130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min), 945 mbar (hPa)

Part of the same tropical wave that formed Tropical Storm Danny in the Atlantic crossed over the Isthmus of Panama and became a disturbance in the Intertropical Convergence Zone during mid to late September. On September 20 the cloud pattern had increased in organization and the system was designated a tropical depression.

Continuing to strengthen, the depression became a tropical storm on September 21. The tropical storm then headed towards the northwest. Development was rapid, especially after September 22 as a banding type eye was forming. Further rapid development took place by the following day and the maximum sustained winds increased to near 130 mph (210 km/h) by the afternoon of September 23. Later, on September 24, Hurricane Jimena reached its peak with maximum winds of 140 mph (230 km/h) and a minimum central pressure of 945 hectopascals (27.9 inHg). Jimena maintained itself as a powerful hurricane for three days, moving west until September 26, when it turned toward the west-northwest. Hurricane Jimena began to weaken on September 27. A northwestward movement commenced on September 29 in response to a large upper level trough which developed in its northwest. It continued to weaken and on September 30 it regained tropical storm intensity before becoming downgraded to a depression. On October 2, Jimena dissipated as a tropical cyclone. Hurricane Jimena caused no reported damage or casualties.


Overview Hurricane Jimena:

Hurricane Jimena developed on August 28 about 1700 miles east-southeast of Hawaii and developed quickly. On August 30, it reached it's peak strength as a hurricane with sustained winds slightly over 100 mph. Hurricane Jimena moved steadily westward around 17 mph on a course that would take the center about 50 miles south of the Big Island. On August 31, with Jimena about 300 miles east-southeast of the Big Island, the storm began to encounter stronger winds in the upper atmosphere that began to weaken and shear it apart. During the early morning hours of September 1, a rapidly weakening Jimena started moving in a southwest direction as it was now being pushed along by the low level tradewind flow from the northeast. Air Force Reserve aircraft reconnaissance could not find any winds above hurricane strength, and so Jimena was downgraded to a Tropical Storm. Hurricane Jimena made it's closest approach to the Big Island around sunrise, with it located about 110 miles south of South Point. By that afternoon, much of the convection was gone and Hurricane Jimena was now just a tropical depression as it continued to move southwest and away from the islands.



Just before the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite captured this image at 11:35 a.m., Pacific Daylight Time, on September 1, 2009. The powerful storm has well-defined bands of clouds that circle a distinctive eye in this photo-like image. The outer bands of the storm were already over the southern tip of Baja California. The National Hurricane Center expected Jimena to move north along the peninsula before coming ashore on September 2 or September 3.

At the time this image was taken, Jimena had winds of 215 kilometers per hour (135 miles per hour) with stronger gusts, said the National Hurricane Center. The storm was expected to bring heavy rain—up to 15 inches in some locations, a dangerous storm surge, and battering waves to Baja California.

The high resolution image provided above is at MODIS’ maximum resolution of 250 meters per pixel. The MODIS Rapid Response System provides the image in additional resolutions. The image has been rotated 17 degrees to the east.